Politics is fundamentally about a framework of expectations on how we make decisions and execute them.
Non-coercive decision-making starts with a general agreement to uphold the rules of a particular political framework. In practice, coercion and force are necessary to protect the integrity of the framework. But these methods of last resort must only be used in legitimate edge cases, a responsibility overwhelmingly and appropriately held by the government. A strong political framework can protect itself with its own due process.
Votes provide a spectrum of single authority, greatest minority, simple majority, super majority, and consensus. Simplifying factors include electoral representation and minimum participation thresholds.